• Introduction of participants and course overview
  •  Understanding PV fundamentals with regard to grid integration
    ▪ MPP tracking
    ▪ Inverter technology introdution

Exercise:
* Effect of temperature and irradiation on U-I curve and maximum power point tracking

  • Reactive power control modes (constant power factor, constant reactive power, cosphi (P) Q(P) and Q(V)-
    characteristics)
  • Steady state reactive power control capability of PV inverters.
  • Fault Ride Through (FRT) and dynamic voltage support: dynamic reactive power control capability of PV

Exercises:
* Reactive power case study analysis

  • Security of supply:
    ▪ Calculation of reliable PV generation capacity
    ▪ Effect of PV on system flexibility needs and probabilistic balancing power dimensioning
  • Over- and under frequency behavior of PV

Exercise:
▪ Inverter ability and grid code requirement analysis

  • Forecast applications
  • PV power forecast methodology
  • Forecast errors
  • Day ahead and intraday forecast example

Exercises:
▪ Comparing balancing power and forecast costs
▪ Forecast implementation
Final question and answer session